The IAB is based on the Profile Shaping Education (PSE), an educational framework revolving around a profile the students are expected to develop at the end of the twelfth grade. This profile enables students to succeed not only to pass exams but also to succeed in modern life. This profile is based on field research in the domain of cognitive sciences showing that: (a) professionals, especially those in academic communities, share common expert paradigms for knowledge construction and deployment, and (b) there are patterns in the structure of expert paradigms and practice of accomplished professionals in various communities. PSE subsequently calls for education to systematically empower students with profiles that recapitulate such patterns that are more clearly visible in the 4-P profile figure.